Development of SNP Matched NIPT Reference Materials for Validation,
Proficiency Testing and Quality Control
Development of Patient-Derived Sex Chromosome Aneuploidy Reference Materials for NIPT
Sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCAs) are genetic conditions caused by abnormalities in the number of X and Y sex chromosomes, which include 45,X (Turner syndrome), 47,XXY (Klinefelter syndrome), and 47,XYY (Jacobs syndrome). With a combined incidence of ~1 in 400 live births, SCAs occur more frequently than trisomy 21 (1:700).
The majority of commercially available cell-free DNA (cfDNA) screens also known as Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) can provide optional sex aneuploidy analysis. Guidelines recommend the use of external run controls to validate test performance for SCAs when NIPTs are first implemented in a clinical lab and for routine performance monitoring. However, this can be problematic due to the rarity, low volume, and ethical considerations in obtaining clinical samples. This is especially important as current NIPT technologies have a lower sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV) for SCAs as compared to trisomy 21. Here we present the development, characterization and clinical performance of novel SNP-matched SCA reference materials on several commercial NIPT assays.
This poster was showcased at ISPD 2022 and presents the development, characterization and clinical performance of novel SNP-matched SCA reference materials on several commercial NIPT assays.
Download this poster to see how SeraCare developed patient-derived sex chromosome aneuploidy reference materials for NIPT.
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